Saint Gilles between the year 1000 and 1200 is a city of 30000 inhabitants its fair has an international reputation, its seaport is open on the Rhone, and Europe. It thrives, with an educated elite, troubadours sculptors of a level that will be found only in the Renaissance. Cathar, Jew, Arab traded there with Genoa or Constantinople.
Despite all the geostrategic advantages, despite the thousand-year existence and the wealth of this free city, with its court, its wealthy lords, its already known Church, its great rabbinical center, its mosque, its old library the Crusades reduced this city. It already traded with Tir or Babylon well before Christ, and because of these channels, rivers and access to the Rhone they were a sanctuary for sailors, offering by the port of Ra Espeyrant the possibility of exporting to Montpellier. Another canal skirted the Roman road and the old pottery to Beaucaire, where the Rhone lacks depth for the passage of boats. And of course the river from its port, flowing into the Rhone, offered trade upstream of the Rhone. The city being higher than Arles, Avignon or any other nearby site it offered a refuge during floods and high marshes, and the road to Nîmes remained always practicable.
the Crusades, against the Albigensians, or those who believed only in Christ and wanted a poor church, the crusades in holy land, supported by a succession of popes put in power by the Italian nobility, all these crusades have forever sown in forget it the time of the troubadours. Crusades even to Constantinople! To understand this moment of history, or how one can rewrite history with fictions like Saint Louis and the creation of Aigues-Mortes after 1200, is also to understand the religious conflicts and extremisms of today. hui.
I have hewn some old books and added some pictures I hope you will like.